With COVID-19 cases on the rise. Starting January 22, 2022, the U.S. made it compulsory for travelers entering the U.S. from Mexico and Canada to provide proof of vaccination. However, this new law does not apply to U.S. citizens and green cardholders.
Although U.S. citizens and permanent residents are not subjected to this new rule, they are still required to show a WHTI-compliant document when they reenter the United States.
Any person entering the U.S. illegally or without proper documentation will be deported under the CDC’s Title 42 public health mandate.
U.S. and Canada
Canada and the United States have an extraordinary and unique relationship; both countries share similar ideas, harbor common interests, have powerful and deep economic links, and most prominently have the world’s largest trading affiliation.
Because of this powerful relationship, the U.S. could not close its doors for Canada for a long time, but due to COVID-19, there still are a few rules and regulations that Canadians must follow.
According to the Homeland and Security department, Canadians and all international travelers need a COVID-19 vaccination to cross the border. Whether through land ports of entry or sea as of January 22.
These new COVID-19 vaccination requirements for land border crossings into the United States come barely a month after Canada again introduced the need for a negative COVID-19 test even for a stay of fewer than 72 hours over the border into the United States. Even fully vaccinated tourists are subject to the rule.
U.S. and Mexico
Because of the lengthy border between the two countries. The region’s peace and stability are critical to the United States’ national security and international trade. Mexico’s most significant trading partner is the United States, whereas the United States’ third-largest trading partner is Mexico.
The relationship between Mexico and the United States is solid and critical. There are 55 operational land ports of entry along the 2,000-mile border between the two countries.
Whether it’s economic and trade advancement, education exchange, citizen protection, drug control, mobility, entrepreneurship, technology, environmental regulation, climate change, or public health, joint relations between the countries significantly impact the health and well-being of millions of many.
The United States and Mexico have a wide range of interactions that extend beyond official and formal relations.
The U.S. collaborates closely with the Mexican government and international partners to battle the pandemic. And reduce secondary economic repercussions in both nations. In March 2020, the U.S., Mexico, and Canada agreed to limit non-essential travel across their shared border. In order to avoid the spread of COVID-19. While also addressing the economic consequences of restricted mobility.
Required Documents for Travelers from Mexico and Canada
Individuals from outside the United States, enter the country through land ports of entry or ferry terminals. Whether for essential or non-essential reasons, must:
- Vocally testify to their vaccination status against COVID-19. As well as, present CDC-approved documentation of a COVID-19 immunization, as detailed on the CDC website.
- Show a valid WHTI-compliant document, such as a valid passport, Trusted Traveler Program card, or Enhanced Tribal Card.
- Prepare for a border check. Because individuals must produce any pertinent documentation required by a U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officer.
According to the COVID-19 vaccination requirements for travelers from Mexico and Canada. Both countries do not have to show negative results for COVID-19 when entering through land or sea. But you must present a negative impact when traveling through air.
The U.S. requires a COVID-19 test for everyone over the age of 2. While minors under the age of 18 are not required to get vaccinated.
The new rule will not apply to U.S. citizens. The new regulations for non-US citizens will be in place until April 21, 2022. Unless the U.S. decides to extend these requirements. Since the start of the COVID emergency in March 2020, land border restrictions have been gradually increased.